Investing In ETFs

Like ordinary shares, exchange traded funds (ETFs) are funds that trade on a stock exchange. They combine the investment benefits of a controlled fund with share trading’s convenience and cost-effectiveness. You can use ETFs to enter markets and asset classes that you would not otherwise have access to, such as debt, derivatives, currency and commodities, for cost-effective, quick access.

As each unit of an ETF represents a basket of securities that often replicates the output of a particular index or benchmark, one simple ETF transaction will allow you to diversify your portfolio.

How it works

ETFs trade at a unit price similar to the underlying portfolio’s nett asset value and, just like ordinary shares, each ETF has an ASX code. You can join and leave an ETF as you choose, as ETFs have an open-ended structure (subject to liquidity). ETFs are securities created by issuers or fund managers as a basket. Generally, each ETF looks at replicating the returns of a particular index/benchmark. An ASX code is assigned to each ETF and is listed as a single entity on the Australian Stock Exchange. You exchange and settle, with a minimum investment of $500, ETFs like ordinary shares.

Assigned ASX Code

ETFs trade at a unit price close to the net asset esteem of the basic portfolio and each ETF has an ASX code, rather like standard shares.

Open-Ended Structure

As ETFs have an open-ended structure, you’ll be able to enter and exit an ETF as you select (subject to liquidity). ETFs are a basket of securities made by issuers or fund managers. Each ETF generally looks to reproduce the returns of a particular index/benchmark.

Less Speculative

Each ETF is designated an ASX code and records on the Australian Securities Trade as one substance. You trade and settle ETFs like standard offers, with a least speculation of $500.

How ETFs are good for you

Simplicity & flexibility

In order to exchange and track their value, ETFs have an ASX code that you use. Like ordinary shares, exchange settles. ETFs can be bought through an online brokerage account at their current market price, at any time throughout the trading day. There are not any minimum holding periods, and investors will use a large vary of trading techniques.


ETFs are an easy, economical way for diversification to take place. As a single unit of the ETF represents a securities basket, only one transaction will spread your investment over several units. They provide access in a single trade to many companies or investments, reducing the single stock risk, the risk inherent in being exposed to only one company. Offering this exposure in the ETF structure helps to reduce the possibility that the overall output of the portfolio could be hurt by a select number of individual stocks.


Liquidity If you no longer wish to keep your ETF investment, it is easy to leave the ETF.

Primary Market Liquidity – ETFs have a specific creation/redemption mechanism that allows Approved Participants (APs)to create ETF share baskets when demand rises (creation) or disassemble the ETF share baskets back into single securities if redemption is necessary.

Secondary Market Liquidity – Because they trade throughout the day on an exchange, or in the secondary market, investors can make timely investment decisions and quickly execute based on shifting market conditions


Brokerage for an ETF trade is the same as for an ordinary Australian share trade, with the same minimum investment of $500.1 ETF management costs are generally lower than managed funds. Because most ETFs are passively managed, they usually have lower management fees and operating expenses compared to managed funds. dealing prices are minimised thanks to the low turnover of most ETFs and therefore the indexes they track. once fees and expenses are low, investors will keep a lot of their returns. 


Liquidity Risk

The majority of ETFs have sufficient liquidity or provide market makers with additional liquidity.

Currency Risk

Currency risk, which can erode or magnify returns, is subject to ETFs that give access to global markets. Higher volatility can also be involved in funds that offer exposure to emerging markets or spread may be influenced by an illiquid market.

Counterparty Risk

ETFs are issued by managers of third-party funds and issuers of goods and can include specific counterparty risk from issuers.

Types of ETFs you can invest in

Australian Broad-Based
Australian Sector
International Broad-Based
Currency Based
Commodity Based

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Any advice provided by Laverne is general in nature only and does not take into account the personal financial situation, objectives or needs of any particular person.